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Presentation

Flink's SQL Engine: Let's Open the Engine Room!

« Kafka Summit London 2024

Apache Flink aims to make stream processing easy and accessible for everyone. It should come as no surprise that a high level of abstraction puts more load on the core. Flink's SQL engine is the workhorse behind many on-prem and managed SQL platforms. Yet very few users know what is really going on under the hood when submitting a SQL query.

In this talk, we take a deep look into the internals of Flink SQL. Let's take the stack apart! We start with some SQL text and go all the way down to Flink's streaming primitives. I will go through the individual optimizer phases. You will learn how event-time operations are tracked when declaring a watermark, how state is managed when using different kinds of joins, and how changelog modes and upsert keys travel through topology when reading from a Change Data Capture connector.

After this talk, you may not be able to write an optimizer rule, but you should, at least, get a feeling for the power of a simple streaming SQL query.

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